Asura (Asura's Wrath) was already strong enough to kill planet sized deities. But after becoming Asura the Destructor, he was able to destroy planets far larger than the earth with a single punch.
Chakravartin (Asura's Wrath) can fire cosmic beams capable of traversing galaxies and vaporize multiple planets.
Herman the Planet-Smasher (Devin Townsend Project) is a creature who's voice could destroy planets, galaxies and everything else in the path of its voice
Vegeta (Dragon Ball) using the heavily charged Galick Gun, with the intent to destroy planet Earth.
Goku (Dragon Ball) as a Super Saiyan, has a kili level of 3,000. It was stated that at 200-300 kili, one could destroy 1-2 planets.
Frieza (Dragon Ball) uses the Earth Breaker attack...
...to detonate the Earth.
Like his younger brother, Cooler's (Dragon Ball) Supernova is powerful variation of the Death Ball. As such, it is capable destroying entire planets, reducing them and everything on them into dust.
Broly's (Dragon Ball) Omega Blaster is his most powerful attack, capable of destroying an entire planet with ease.
Cell (Dragon Ball) firing the aptly-named Earth-Destroying Kamehameha.
Cell (Dragon Ball) states that his Solar Kamehameha can destroy not just the Earth, but the entire solar system.
As described by Goku, Kid Buu's (Dragon Ball) Planet Burst has enough power to destroy the Earth ten times over.
Omega Shenron (Dragon Ball) using the Minus Energy Power Ball with the intent to destroy Earth.
Champa, the God of Destruction of Universe 6 (Dragon Ball) destroys planets to maintain universal balance.
Beerus, the God of Destruction of Universe 7 (Dragon Ball) destroys planets to maintain universal balance.
Sidra, the God of Destruction of Universe 9 (Dragon Ball) destroys planets to maintain universal balance.
Zeno and his future counterpart (Dragon Ball) using Erase on anything, whether a planet or an entire universe.
After being summoned and granting a wish, Ultimate Shenron (Dragon Ball GT) will cause the planet on which he was last summoned to explode unless the Black Star Dragon Balls are all collected and returned to said planet within one year.
Dark Gaia (Sonic the Hedgehog) exists solely to destroy the Earth every few thousands of years in a cycle of destruction and rebirth.
Bender Bending Rodríguez (Futurama) wielding the Planetary Annihilator, which fires a deadly beam capable of living up to the weapon's name.
Kurohime (Magic User Kurohime) wielding the Ultimate Sword that can cut through even an entire planet.
Sailor Saturn (Sailor Moon) can destroy entire planets using the Silence Glaive.
Collapse (Valkyrie Crusade) destroying a world with her fingers.
Using his cosmic axe, Terrax (Marvel Comics) cleaves an entire planet in two.
The World Breaker Hulk (Marvel Comics) truly lives up to his name.
The Destroyer (The Legend of Spyro) exists to bring about the birth of a new world by destroying the old one.
When powered by all seven Chaos Emeralds, the Eclipse Cannon (Sonic the Hedgehog) can destroy the Earth...
...though when powered by only six, it has enough power to destroy half of the moon.
Vegnagun (Final Fantasy X-2) is a machina weapon powerful enough to destroy all of Spira.
The Death Star (Star Wars) is a moon-sized battlestation with the power to destroy a planet with one shot of its superlaser.